Preserving Caroline's History & Culture

The Society has worked to preserve over fifty historic buildings. We also preserve and safeguard sacred sites, precious artifacts, and shared stories.

The Society is almost certainly the most active historical society in rural America in terms of the number of buildings being preserved. Located from Goldsboro to Choptank Village, our projects are found throughout the county.  All preserved buildings must have a specific future use. Most will become the centerpiece or parts of multi-building and multi-site educational “interpretive centers” to tell unique stories that highlight the national historical signifcance of Caroline County as well as the qualities that make us so exceptional.

For example, Caroline’s resilience produced an extraordinarily unique 350+ year history of commercial agriculture as our only major industry; our service to country led to Caroline’s unmatched record of residents fighting in every major battle save one in American history; and our moral courage gave Caroline the best Underground Railroad history in rural America.

Plain Dealing (Caroline Poor House) “Salvaged”

Plain Dealing (Caroline Poor House) “Salvaged”

Interior and exterior walls had badly cracked from major structural problems, numerous fire-burned holes punctured the roof, and mold turned the interior ceilings black. After initial spending by the Society for stabilization and documentation, extensive meetings with...

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Castle Hall Saved

Castle Hall Saved

Castle Hall in Goldsboro (c. 1781) was dark, vacant, neglected, and deteriorated, with ongoing vandalism that included broken doors, graffiti-sprayed walls and hundreds of smashed window panes, once-proud Castle Hall with the finest colonial woodwork in Caroline sat...

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Circa 1829 Slave Dwelling Discovered

Circa 1829 Slave Dwelling Discovered

The Society was offered an “old shed used as a meat house and granary”, but what we discovered had a lot more history: A one-room dwelling that our architectural consultant said was originally a slave dwelling, our dendrochronologist dated to 1829, and court records...

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Hear All of Our Stories

Segregated White Schools

Segregated White Schools

The Historic Landscape of Caroline CountyWe identified historically segregated white schools in the Choptank River Heritage area, primarily by georeferencing the 1875 Isler and 1897 Saulsbury maps of Caroline County. In the map shown on this page, use the toggle at...

Segregated White Churches

Segregated White Churches

The Historic Landscape of Caroline CountyWe identified historically segregated white churches in the Choptank River Heritage area, primarily by georeferencing the 1875 Isler and 1897 Saulsbury maps of Caroline County. In the map shown on this page, use the toggle at...

Sawmills and Grist Mills

Sawmills and Grist Mills

The Historic Landscape of Caroline CountyWe identified and mapped the historic locations of sawmills and grist mills in the Choptank River Heritage area, primarily by georeferencing the 1875 Isler and 1897 Saulsbury maps of Caroline County. In the map shown on this...

River Landings and Railroad Stations

River Landings and Railroad Stations

The Historic Landscape of Caroline CountyWe identified river landings and railroad stations in the Choptank River Heritage area, primarily by georeferencing the 1875 Isler and 1897 Saulsbury maps of Caroline County. In the map shown on this page, use the toggle at the...

Post Offices

Post Offices

The Historic Landscape of Caroline County We identified historic post office locations in the Choptank River Heritage area, primarily by georeferencing the 1875 Isler and 1897 Saulsbury maps of Caroline County. Below the map are lists of post offices which appear in...

Towns, Crossroads, and Named Settlements

Towns, Crossroads, and Named Settlements

The Historic Landscape of Caroline CountyWe identified these named settlements in the Choptank River Heritage area: Crossroads Houses Immigrant Settlements Native American Settlements Plantations Towns We identified these sites primarily by georeferencing the 1875...

Miscellaneous Commercial Enterprises

Miscellaneous Commercial Enterprises

The Historic Landscape of Caroline CountyIn addition to general stores, shops, markets, and other mercantile establishments, we identified these miscellaneous enterprises in the Choptank River Heritage area: Banks Creameries Fish Hatcheries Fisheries Foundries Hotels...

Mercantile Stores, Shops, and Markets

Mercantile Stores, Shops, and Markets

The Historic Landscape of Caroline CountyWe identified the locations of general stores, shops, markets, and other mercantile establishments in the Choptank River Heritage area primarily by georeferencing the 1875 Isler and 1897 Saulsbury maps of Caroline County. Below...

Civic Buildings and Sites

Civic Buildings and Sites

The Historic Landscape of Caroline CountyWe identified the locations of Almshouses, Courthouses, Jails, Fairgrounds, Grange and Ruritan Halls, and Tobacco Warehouses in the Choptank River Heritage area primarily by georeferencing the 1875 Isler and 1897 Saulsbury maps...

Cemeteries and Religious Campgrounds

Cemeteries and Religious Campgrounds

The Historic Landscape of Caroline CountyWe identified the locations of cemeteries, family burial plots, and religious revival campgrounds in the Choptank River Heritage area primarily by georeferencing the 1875 Isler and 1897 Saulsbury maps of Caroline County In the...

Canneries and Factories

Canneries and Factories

The Historic Landscape of Caroline CountyWe identified the locations of canneries, factories, and machines shops in the Choptank River Heritage area primarily by georeferencing the 1875 Isler and 1897 Saulsbury maps of Caroline County In the map shown on this page,...

Bridges, Ferries, and Navigation Landmarks

Bridges, Ferries, and Navigation Landmarks

The Historic Landscape of Caroline CountyWe identified the locations of the bridges, ferries, and navigation landmarks in the Choptank River Heritage area primarily by georeferencing the 1875 Isler and 1897 Saulsbury maps of Caroline County In the map shown on this...

Black Churches and Communities

Black Churches and Communities

The Historic Landscape of Caroline CountyWe identified the locations of the earliest Black churches and communities in the Choptank River Heritage area by researching and comparing primary sources: History of the AME Church by Rev. Richard Allen. The 1824 Eastern...