The Caroline County Historical Society

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Museum of Rural Life

Re-live Small Town and Farm Life


Since 2001, the Society has been a national leader among rural societies in the
preservation of buildings.

Great Houses & Everyday Life

Great plantations, modest homesteads, small farm life.

The Great War

Caroline County’s WWI heroes.  Exhibit now open at the Rural Life Museum

Hear Our Stories

Leaders for Freedom & Civil Rights

Bishop Alexander W. Wayman, founding AME Bishop, was raised in Tuckahoe Neck.  Underground Railroad conductors Daniel Hubbard and Arthur Leverton barely escaped lynching. The parents of William Still, “Father of the Underground Railroad”, were born into slavery near the Choptank River. James H. Webb, a free black, farmed here before the Civil War.

Our African-American Legacy >>

Courageous & Creative Women

Nettie Dean Carterprominent teacher, suffragette, and businesswoman – a century ahead of her time.  Enolia McMillan, NAACP’s first woman president, started her teaching career in Denton.  Harriet Tubman’s Underground Railroad ran through the heart of Caroline County.  Anna Murray of Tuckahoe Neck helped Frederick Douglass escape north before they married and raised a family.

Our Women’s Legacy >>

War Heroes

Capt. Quentin Walsh, USCG, captured the French seaport that secured D-Day. 2LT Louise Hollister was Maryland’s only Army Nurse casualty in WWII.  Col. Peter Adams commanded Maryland troops at Yorktown. Col. William Richardson, “Father of Caroline County”, also saved the Continental Treasury from the British.  Cpl. William H. Carney, 38th US Colored Troops, was laid to rest at Union Church after the Civil War.

Our Wartime Legacy >>

Everyday Citizens

Captain C.C. Wheeler was illiterate yet built and operated a successful steamboat line. George Swartz and his mule loaded sailing vessels in West Denton in the 1930s.  The Two Johns were vaudeville actors whose riverside theater scandalized the locals.  Georgist Tax Rebels planned a colony at Gilpin Point. Robert Jacobs was a modern blacksmith at age 14.

Our Common Legacy >>

Historic Buildings Preservation

Site of Barwick’s Inn (1775) Studied

Site of Barwick’s Inn (1775) Studied

Thee location of Barwick’s Tavern (c. 1775–c. 1790) was part of a colonial commercial cluster of now-vanished buildings that once included a government-mandated tobacco warehouse, a "jail", a ferry crossing and several buildings that all predated 1747. The site is...

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James H. Webb Cabin Restored

James H. Webb Cabin Restored

James Webb, a free African-American farmer, built this hand-hewn log home in 1852. He lived here with his enslaved wife, Mary Ann, and their four children, Charles, Elizabeth, John and Ann, and Webb’s father, Henry. The Webbs were members of Mount Pleasant Church....

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Ridgely Train Depot (ca. 1892) Restored

Ridgely Train Depot (ca. 1892) Restored

With its broad Victorian porches stripped away and surviving interior woodwork behind cheap wallboard and 1970s partitions, the 1892 depot was recommended by town staff in 2008 as a site for public toilets. As an alternative, the Society prepared concept plans for...

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The Historic Landscape of Caroline County

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to Preserve and Share the History and Cultural
of Caroline County

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Caring, Sharing, Giving

The CCHS depends on your generous contributions to continue to promote and protect Caroline County’s rich heritage. Funds are used to operate the Museum of Rural Life, sustain our programming, and restore and maintain historically significant structures throughout Caroline County.

Be Awesome >>